This investigation is used to evaluate bone mass in the setting of osteoporosis. These patients are at high risk for fractures in the absence of significant trauma.
Strong risk factors for osteoporosis include:
- Early menopause (<45y)
- Oestrogen deficiency
- Prolonged steroid use
- Chronic medical conditions like chronic renal failure
- Hyperthyroidism, chronic liver disease
- Low body mass index Maternal family history of hip fract